What is Eid Al- Adha?
The term Eid-ul-Adha is well-known among Muslims, but non-Muslims may or may not understand what it means. Let’s get started shall we. First of all, Eid-ul-Adha means the festival of sacrifice.
Why sacrifice? Because it is a celebration honouring Prophet Ibrahim’s devotion to Allah SWT and willingness to sacrifice his son, Ismail.
Most of us will wonder how anyone could sacrifice their own children, but the event of sacrifice taught us that obeying our Lord’s command is absolute.
We may not be as great as the Prophet Ibrahim, but we may be forced to make a sacrifice. It all depends on whether we are willing to make that sacrifice or not.
There are some things that everyone should know about Eid Al-Adha, including Muslims and non-Muslims so that everyone can be clear about it.
1# Eid-ul-Fitri vs Eid-ul-Adha
In Islam, there are two celebrations of Eid. The first one being Eid-ul-Fitri and the other Eid-ul-Adha. It is true that the Muslims have just celebrated Eid but that is to celebrate the end of the fasting month whereas Hari Raya Haji marks the end of the peak of Hajj (pilgrimage).
Hajj is a mandatory religious duty in Islam’s five pillars that must be performed once in a lifetime by adult Muslims who are physically capable and financially stable.
Some will ask when do the Muslims perform Hajj? In fact, Muslims perform Hajj in the month of Zulhijjah, which is the Islamic month, and this year, it falls on July.
Every year, Muslims can only perform Hajj during this month. And, due to time constraints and limited space in Mecca’s holy mosque, not everyone can perform Hajj, even if they are capable.
Besides that, in Eid-ul-Adha, the Muslims are obligated to perform sacrifice by slaughtering four-legged livestock such as cow, lamb, camel and sheep.
2# Do the animals feel the pain during Qurban?
In Islam, we have our own ways of performing qurban that are in accordance with Islamic law. It may look painful to a person but believe me it does not. While performing qurban, it is important to not torture the animal.
The secret to slaughtering animals is to use sharp knives because the small and quick incisions cut the nerve fibres for pain, preventing the animal from feeling pain.
Furthermore, the sacrificial animals must be fed and relaxed prior to slaughtering in order to calm their nerves and remove anxiety. As a result, the slaughtering process will be much more easier.
Both the windpipe and oesophagus must be cut along with the jugular veins. Plus, the blood will quickly flow out of the animal’s body. The slaugthering process done according to Islamic law will ensure the meat is healthy and high quality as Islam take serious in the aspect of both health and cleanliness.
3# Do the Muslims sell the qurban meat?
During Eid-ul-Adha, the act of selling qurban meat is prohibited if the receiver is wealthy; however, if the receivers are poor, the qurban may be sold in order for them to earn some money. According to Islamic law, qurban is an act that are highly obligated as it is only done once a year.
The qurban meat can be distributed in few ways:
- The person performing the qurban may keep one-third of the meat for himself and distribute the remaining two-thirds to the poor.
- Or, the person performing the qurban may keep one-third of the meat for himself and distribute one-third to the poor and the other one-third of the meat as a gift for the capable (relatives or neighbours)
- The best of the three acts is to give all of the qurban meat to the beneficiaries and consume a small portion of the meat as a blessing.
The methods described are intended to bring one closer to Allah while avoiding selfishness.
4# Do the Muslims still get ‘Duit Raya’ in Eid-ul-Adha?
For you information, giving green packets or ‘duit raya’ is not mandatory in either Eid-ul-Fitri or Eid-ul-Adha but customary. Giving ‘duit raya’ signify a token for eid celebration. While ‘duit raya’ is commonly given during Eid-ul-Fitri, it can also be given during Eid-ul-Adha.
So, even during Eid-ul-Adha, it is not wrong to give ‘duit raya’ to children because Islam never forbids their practise. Furthermore, this act is admirable because it is similar to giving a gift while making others happy. When the children grow up, this tradition of noble acts of charity will carry on for generations.
Just as mentioned in the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad SAW;
A man who gives in charity and hides it, such that his left hand does not know what his right hand gives in charity; and a man who remembered Allah in private and so his eyes shed tears. (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
As a result, giving ‘duit raya’ should be practised on occasions other than Eid-ul-Fitri. This also fits the mood of Eid-ul-Adha, as we make sacrifices for the happiness of others.