To your knowledge, sacrificial worship means slaughtering livestock on the feast of sacrifice (10 Dzulhijjah) and on the days of Tasyriq (11, 12 and 13 Dzulhijjah) with the intention of getting closer to Allah SWT.
The time of sacrificial worship will begin when the sun rises high on the feast of sacrifice itself. However, it is better if it is delayed a little until the sun rises and after the completion of the Eid prayers.
Qurban is an ibadah of the nature of maaliyah (property) that requires any Muslim individual to share part of their pleasure by slaughtering livestock such as cow, goat, sheep.
Then, it has to be distributed to the less fortunate so that they can both enjoy eating meat at least once a year.
However, the question that has arisen recently on social media is about the issue of the actual law for the provision of sacrificial meat to non-Muslims.
In the situation of our multi-ethnic society and religious beliefs, there is often a dispute regarding the distribution of qurban meat to non-Muslims, is this allowed by Islamic law or not?
Can qurban meat be given to your non-Muslim friends?
According to the final opinion in the Syafi’iy mazhab that we hold in Malaysia, it is unlawful to give qurban meat or to non -Muslims.
This is because the worship of qurban is a Ta’abbudi form of worship that specializes its involvement to Muslims only such as Zakat.
Even so, according to Sahibus Samahah Mufti of the Federal Territory, Datuk Dr Zulkifli Al-Bakri, there are several other mazhab that require the giving of sacrificial meat to non-Muslims, as follows:
- Al-Imam Abu Hanifah Rahimahullah gave rukhsah (reassurance) for the poor kafir to be given qurban meat to them. This is also the opinion of al-Hasan al-Basri Rahimahullah and also Abu Thaur Rahimahullah.
- The Maliki argues that the law is makruh, such as feeding Jews or Christians.
- The Hanbali holds that its law should be given to kafir from the sunnah qurban. Wajb qurban is not required.
Although there are some opinions that allow the giving of sacrificial meat or aqiqah to non-Muslims, but this needs to be observed according to certain circumstances.
In practice, according to Ustaz Mohammad Hakimi Abdul Mutalib, the situation of sacrificial meat given to non-Muslims is when qurban is performed in the villages of new relatives from the Indigenous community.
Such as the Murut tribe in Sabah, where a few family members closest to those who have not yet embraced Islam.
Qurban meat cooked in a gotong-royong manner
Usually, the qurban meat is not distributed raw as the method of distribution to Muslims but cooked in a gotong-royong manner to be served to the entire population.
This includes those who have not embraced Islam before. This is done so that they have the opportunity to approach and immerse themselves in the beauty of Islamic teachings that emphasize the concept of mercy to all human beings.
This situation is very different from those who are just neighbors with non-Muslim individuals who usually if we give a prudent explanation of why the sacrificial meat is not distributed to them, can certainly overcome any misunderstanding about the sacrifice.
Therefore, we recommend that the performers and participants of the sacrificial rituals consider the following solutions.
So that this matter does not become a polemic that can affect the harmony of social life between Muslims and non-Muslims.
- Give a prudent explanation without any provocative element to non-Muslims to explain the rationale why the qurban meat is not shared with them.
- Carefully and prioritize the distribution of the meat to local Muslims first, especially from those who are less fortunate.
- Allocate some other meat in the form of hibah or gifts to be distributed to non-Muslims so that no prejudice or suspicion arises.
Hopefully this short article is useful in unraveling this issue which should not be a matter of concern.
Because we have long lived shoulder to shoulder as Malaysians regardless of skin color, race or religion since before the independence of our country.
If you have an further questions or you want to register for qurban, please don’t hesitate to get in touch with us.